Celebrating Fibonacci Day: Unveiling the Golden Ratio in the Built Environment

Anne Okafor
2 min readNov 23, 2023


Every year on November 23rd, mathematicians and enthusiasts around the world celebrate Fibonacci Day. This special day honours the Italian mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci, who introduced the Fibonacci sequence to the Western world in his book Liber Abaci in 1202. Beyond its significance in mathematics, the Fibonacci sequence and its associated Golden Ratio have found applications in diverse fields, including the built environment.

Understanding the Fibonacci Sequence:

The Fibonacci sequence is a series of numbers in which each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, usually starting with 0 and 1. So, the sequence goes: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, and so on. This seemingly simple sequence has profound implications in mathematics and nature.

The Golden Ratio:

As the Fibonacci sequence progresses, the ratio between consecutive numbers converges to a constant value known as the Golden Ratio (approximately 1.618). This ratio, denoted by the Greek letter phi (φ), has captivated mathematicians, artists, and architects for centuries due to its aesthetically pleasing proportions and prevalence in nature.

Applications in the Built Environment:


  • Architects often incorporate the Golden Ratio into the design of buildings to achieve visual harmony and balance. Elements such as window placements, room dimensions, and façade proportions may adhere to the Golden Ratio, creating a sense of beauty and proportionality.

Urban Planning:

  • The Fibonacci sequence and the Golden Ratio are applied in urban planning to optimise the layout and organisation of spaces. City planners may use these mathematical principles to create well-proportioned public spaces, streets, and parks.

Interior Design:

  • Interior designers use the Golden Ratio to arrange furniture, choose dimensions for rooms, and create visually appealing spaces. This mathematical concept helps achieve a balance that is pleasing to the eye.


  • In landscape design, the Fibonacci sequence is employed to plan the layout of gardens, parks, and outdoor spaces. This can result in a more natural and aesthetically pleasing environment.

Construction Materials:

  • The Fibonacci sequence is also applied in the selection of construction materials. By following these mathematical principles, builders can create structures that are not only stable but also visually appealing.


As we celebrate Fibonacci Day, it’s worth recognising the profound impact that the Fibonacci sequence and the Golden Ratio have on the built environment. From the grandeur of architectural masterpieces to the subtle harmony in interior design, these mathematical principles continue to influence and inspire those who shape the world around us. So, whether you’re an architect, mathematician, or simply an admirer of beauty, take a moment on Fibonacci Day to appreciate the timeless elegance that emerges when mathematics and the built environment come together.



Anne Okafor

Igniting the passion for a world beyond the classroom as a Construction & STEM careers Cheerleader. | Maths Anxiety Crusader | An Everyday Determinator!